Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

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Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) works to change the way in which we think about ourselves and the situations we are in, focusing on the present and not the past. CBT is used to treat the following issues:

  • Anxiety, Phobias, or Panic
  • Depression
  • Eating Disorders
  • Trauma and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
  • Schizophrenia

How does CBT work?

CBT works in two parts; one that is cognitive and the second behavioural. The cognitive part of treatment teaches the client about cognitive distortion (how we often assume that we know how other people criticise us when we can’t). Therapists will aim to pinpoint these negative thoughts and explain how these make the client behave or react in a certain way, in order to alter this mindset for the better.

The behavioural part of treatment gives the client practical tools which they can use at home and in sessions so that they can handle situations in a more positive way.

What does CBT involve?

Over weekly or fortnightly sessions, CBT therapists work with their clients to pinpoint what discomforts them and to talk about the client’s targets to achieve through therapy. Overwhelming issues are broken down into smaller parts with the client to be dealt with over the following sessions. The aim of these sessions is to find alternative and more positive ways for the client to think about their problems and manage them more effectively which may include altering their behavioural patterns.